The American involvement in Vietnam Thousands of books have been written on the issue of the American involvement in the Vietnam War.
Visit Website Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital. Both sides wanted the same thing: But while Ho and his supporters wanted a nation modeled after other communist countries, Bao and many others wanted a Vietnam with close economic and cultural ties to the West.
According to a survey by the Veterans Administration, someof the 3 million troops who served in Vietnam suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and rates of divorce, suicide, alcoholism and drug addiction were markedly higher among veterans.
When Did the Vietnam War Start? The Vietnam War and active U. The French loss at the battle ended almost a century of French colonial rule in Indochina. The subsequent treaty signed in July at a Geneva conference split Vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th Parallel 17 degrees north latitudewith Ho in control in the North and Bao in the South.
The treaty also called for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam. Though the NLF claimed to be autonomous and that most of its members were not communists, many in Washington assumed it was a puppet of Hanoi.
Kennedy in to report on conditions in South Vietnam advised a build-up of American military, economic and technical aid in order to help Diem confront the Viet Cong threat. Bythe U.
Gulf of Tonkin A coup by some of his own generals succeeded in toppling and killing Diem and his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, in Novemberthree weeks before Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
Congress soon passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolutionwhich gave Johnson broad war-making powers, and U. In MarchJohnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U.
By June, 82, combat troops were stationed in Vietnam, and military leaders were calling formore by the end of to shore up the struggling South Vietnamese army. Despite the concerns of some of his advisers about this escalation, and about the entire war effort amid a growing anti-war movement, Johnson authorized the immediate dispatch oftroops at the end of July and anotherin Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.
Heavy bombing by B aircraft or shelling made these zones uninhabitable, as refugees poured into camps in designated safe areas near Saigon and other cities.
Even as the enemy body count at times exaggerated by U. Additionally, supported by aid from China and the Soviet Union, North Vietnam strengthened its air defenses. The later years of the war saw increased physical and psychological deterioration among American soldiers—both volunteers and draftees—including drug use, post-traumatic stress disorder PTSDmutinies and attacks by soldiers against officers and noncommissioned officers.
Between July and Decembermore thanU. Bombarded by horrific images of the war on their televisions, Americans on the home front turned against the war as well: In Octobersome 35, demonstrators staged a massive Vietnam War protest outside the Pentagon. Opponents of the war argued that civilians, not enemy combatants, were the primary victims and that the United States was supporting a corrupt dictatorship in Saigon.
On January 31,some 70, DRV forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap launched the Tet Offensive named for the lunar new yeara coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than cities and towns in South Vietnam. Taken by surprise, U.Check out the online debate The U.S.
involvement in the Vietnam War was justified. Oct 29, · Watch video · The Vietnam War and active U.S. involvement in the war began in , though ongoing conflict in the region had stretched back several decades. On November 15, , the largest anti-war.
The Social, Economic, and Cultural Effects of the Vietnam War: Although people at first believed the U.S. went into the Vietnam War for a good cause, it proved to be exactly the opposite: a destructive effect on the social, economic, and cultural life of America. American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s.
The United States’ interest in Asia escalated in late , after Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour and Washington responded by declaring war on Japan. The Viet Minh was. According to History Learning Site, some cons of the Vietnam War included its bloody guerrilla warfare, the loss of innocent lives, the draft-- which removed men's choice to serve-- and the belief that it was not the United States' war to fight.
In contrast, there was a compelling argument that the. In a “third” Vietnam war began—a continuation, actually—between North and South Vietnam but without significant U.S.
involvement. It ended with communist victory in April The Vietnam War was the longest in U.S. .