Social political and economic changes in europe as a result of world war i

The emergence of modern Europe, — Economy and society The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. By the population in most areas of Europe was increasing after two centuries of decline or stagnation. The great geographic discoveries then in process were integrating Europe into a world economic system.

Social political and economic changes in europe as a result of world war i

Social Transformation in Europe after World War II Patterns of everyday life and the structure of Western society changed after the war, just as much as political and economic recovery had instituted dramatic changes. Changes in Science and Technology: At the end of the war, theoretical science and technology, considered more practical were joined together.

University scientists worked on top secret projects during the war, including the development of radar to detect enemy aircraft. Radar was particularly valuable to the British in defeating the Germans in the Battle of Britain.

Other wartime technological developments included the development of jet aircraft and electronic computers which could calculate the mathematical relationship between a fast moving plane and anti-aircraft shells, so that gunners on the ground had a greater probability of shooting down the plane.

By far the greatest technological scientific development was the development of the Atomic Bomb. Its development was spurred by a letter from Albert Einstein to President Franklin Roosevelt, in August,in which he stated that "it may be possible to set up a nuclear reaction in a large mass of uranium… [And construct] extremely powerful bombs of a new type.

American development was spurred by the news that the Nazis were close to developing a "bomb" on their own. The result of "directed research" during and after the war was the development of "Big Science.

It was very expensive, and required large-scale financing from governments or large corporations. The United States took the lead in this area, and "big science" became an issue of contention between East and West during the Cold War.

Scientists remained a major part of the military establishment of both sides, and scientific research for defense included development of new and improved submarines, rockets, and spy satellites. The technology race led to the orbiting of the first earth satellite, Sputnik I by the Soviets in From there on, a "space race" between the U.

Western Europe was effected, as many top scientists went to the U.

Devastation and Recovery

Class distinction became fuzzier but did not altogether disappear in Europe after the War. The most remarkable change was in the middle class, where managers and experts replaced traditional property owners as the leaders of middle class society.

This change was largely the result of industrial and technological expansion which resulted in large corporations and government agencies which needed technologists and managers.

The new middle class often had backgrounds in engineering or accounting and came from all social classes, even the former "working class. With changes in class structure came changes in government social security reforms. Old age pensions and increased unemployment benefits improved the system first engineered by Bismarck seventy five years earlier.

National health systems were also introduced together with government grants to help parents raise children. The standard of living in Europe rose and the percentage of food spent on food and lodging declined precipitously.

Car ownership became more widespread, and the European automobile industry boomed. Europeans, like Americans, also became fascinated with "gadgets" such as televisions, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, and stereos, all of which was augmented by installment purchasing, which allowed people to buy expensive items on credit.

Leisure time also flourished, Many European countries mandated that employees receive month long paid vacations each year as a result of which Europeans flocked to beaches and ski resorts.

Social political and economic changes in europe as a result of world war i

Getaways included everything from imitation Tahitian paradises built all over the world by a French company to Swedish nudist colonies on secluded West African beaches. Youth and the Counterculture: This consisted primarily of rebellion against parents, authority figures, and the status quo.

The music of youth was the primary sign of rebellion.


While in America it was represented by Elvis Presley, in Europe the Beatles rocked establishment Europe with music that suggested personal and sexual freedom. Many adults were shocked by their music, and often forbade their children to listen.

Sexual frankness and freedom also took a turn. A study reported that only 4. More and more young unmarried couples lived together with no thought of marrying or having children.Many social changes occurred in Europe as a result of World War I. Among them was the emergence of the "New Woman," an occurrence that was greeted: Munitionettes.

The Outbreak of War in Europe; The Road to Pearl Harbor; The Second World War, – The Home Front; A New Society: Economic & Social Change.

who had first promoted birth control before World War I as a means of sparing poor women from unwanted pregnancies, argued that the diaphragm gave women more sexual .

In the wake of the terrible conflict, Europe and the world were hardly recognisable, and it grew clear that they would never return to their existence of the immediate and far-reaching consequences of the total war had irrevocable political, economic and social effects.

- Needs to be finished (The Results of World War 1 (Pearsons) continuation) STUDY.

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PLAY. plunging Europe into an acute economic crisis. It presented China with 21 demands which would result in its political and economic domination of .

Nov 21,  · The emergence of modern Europe, – Economy and society. The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. The Social Impact of World War I.

World War I had important effects on society at large. Some of you may watch the television series Downton Abbey. This program does a good job of showing how World War I disrupted decades of social norms. Generally, the war brought an increase in progressive thinking.

Social Transformation in Europe