Ontological argument essay plan

Proslogion Theologian and philosopher Anselm of Canterbury — proposed an ontological argument in the second and third chapters of his Proslogion.

Ontological argument essay plan

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The ontological proof, the cosmological proof, and the teleological proof are the three main divisions.

Since Saint Anslem founded this argument, his writings are the most examined. Saint Anslem starts by defining God as an all-perfect being, or rather as a being containing all conceivable perfections.

Now if in addition of possessing all conceivable perfections this being did not possess existence, it would then be considered less perfect from Ontological argument essay plan being that does exist.

Since by definition God is all-perfect, and a being that does not exist is less perfect than one that did, it must be deemed that God exists.

Ontological argument essay plan

Simply put, the definition of God guarantees his existence just as the definition of a triangle guarantees that all triangles have three sides. This argument is a hard one to follow due to the fact that it utilizes Reductio Ad Abusdum form.

Ontological argument essay

This is when you support your conclusion by showing that the negation of the said conclusion will lead to a logical paradox. The next type of argument is called the Teleological Argument, or the argument from design. This argument starts by saying that the universe exhibits some type of purpose or order, and draws the conclusion that Ontological argument essay plan supreme, intelligent being, must be responsible for this order.

One of the most popular supporters of this argument goes under the name of William Paley. Each of these pieces has a specific purpose, the hand tells the time, the sprockets move the gears, and so on.

He believes that it is just not possible for the watch to have been created by chance. It indicates that it is irrelevant whether anyone knows the maker of the watch, or actually witnessed its creation.

He defends this by pointing out how we know that an eyepiece exists even though the vast majority of people do not know how, or who created it. Paley next declares that it would not invalidate his conclusion if the watch sometimes went astray or was seldom right. The purpose of the machine would still be evident, and that it is not relevant for the machine to be perfect to prove that it has a creator.

He concludes the watch analogy with the assumption, that no intelligent person would assume that the pieces of the watch were just a random combination of nature. The next concept Paley addresses is the idea of the watch being able to reproduce itself. Just because it can do this does not eliminate the fact that there must be a designer to establish the first in the line.

We know that the watch has a designer because it demonstrates an end, a sort of purpose. Therefore there must be some artificer who understood its mechanism and designed its use.

Paley in his final analysis compares the complexities of the human body to the watch to demonstrate that they both have a creator. The next argument is probably the most debated of all the ones examined. The Cosmological argument reasons from the existence of the universe to the existence of God as its cause, creator, or explanation.

While there are numerous variations on the argument, Saint Thomas Aquinas is the most used.

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While his whole argument consisted of 5 proofs, only two of these are really relevant today. The first one is the causal or efficient cause. He starts by saying we find that things around us come into being as the result of activity of other things. These causes are in fact the result of yet other activities.

Yet this causal series cannot go back to infinity, hence there must be a first member. This first member is not caused by any preceding member, and hence labeled God. What frequently gets pointed out about the causal premise is that even if it were valid it would not establish the existence of God.

It does not show that the first cause is all-powerful or good. In conclusion, it is impossible to prove or disprove the existence of God philosophically.

For every philosopher who publishes his or her opinions on the subject, three more are there to tear it down. In the end it is best that man does not figure out the answer to this lifelong question.

Some things are better left unanswered.The Cosmological argument fits in with the God of classical theism (omnipotent, omnibenevolent, omniscient).

Ontological argument essay plan

It makes sense to think that there is an initial cause to the universe: this fits with our experience of events within the universe. Ontological arguments essays. By. research paper on social media recruitment plan cultural differences between countries essay about myself fbx obj comparison essay econ research paper jk rowling speech analysis essay if you won the lottery what would you do essay.

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Data center projects. The Ontological Argument In Anselm's ontological argument he is trying to prove the existence of God, his argument is an argument purely based on the mind and does not require the moral agent to venture into the real of the senses. The Ontological Argument Essay Sample.

The question of God ‚™s existence has been debated through the history of man, with every philosopher from Socrates to . The ontological argument is an a priori argument which means it does not rely on our senses and experiences but on reason.

The argument is also a deductive and analytic argument. The ontological argument was first devised in by St Anselm, then the Archbishop of Canterbury in part two and three.

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