Means to describe the key aspects of corporate organization operating policies and control

The four basic elements in a control system:

Means to describe the key aspects of corporate organization operating policies and control

The four basic elements in a control system: We select a specific characteristic because a correlation exists between it and how the system is performing. The characteristic can be the output of the system during any stage of processing or it may be a condition that is the result of the system.

For example, it may be the heat energy produced by the furnace or the temperature in the room which has changed because of the heat generated by the furnace. In an elementary school system, the hours a teacher works or the gain in knowledge demonstrated by the students on a national examination are examples of characteristics that may be selected for measurement, or control.

The second element of control, the sensor, is a means for measuring the characteristic or condition. For example, in a home heating system this device would be the thermostat, and in a quality-control system this measurement might be performed by a visual inspection of the product.

The third element of control, the comparatordetermines the need for correction by comparing what is occurring with what has been planned. Some deviation from the plan is usual and expected, but when variations are beyond those considered acceptable, corrective action is required.

It involves a sort of preventative action which indicates that good control is being achieved. The fourth element of control, the activator, is the corrective action taken to return the system to its expected output.

The actual person, device, or method used to direct corrective inputs into the operating system may take a variety of forms. It may be a hydraulic controller positioned by a solenoid or electric motor in response to an electronic error signal, an employee directed to rework the parts that failed to pass quality inspection, or a school principal who decides to buy additional books to provide for an increased number of students.

As long as a plan is performed within allowable limits, corrective action is not necessary; however, this seldom occurs in practice. To illustrate how information flow facilitates control, let us review the elements of control in the context of information.

Means to describe the key aspects of corporate organization operating policies and control

Therefore, the choice of the controlled item and appropriate information about it is extremely important. There should be a direct correlation between the controlled item and the system's operation. In other words, control of the selected characteristic should have a direct relationship to the goal or objective of the system.

Sensor[ edit ] After the characteristic is sensed, or measured, information pertinent to control is fed back. Exactly what information needs to be transmitted and also the language that will best facilitate the communication process and reduce the possibility of distortion in transmission must be carefully considered.

Information that is to be compared with the standard, or plan, should be expressed in the same terms or language as in the original plan to facilitate decision making. Using machine methods computers may require extensive translation of the information.

Since optimal languages for computation and for human review are not always the same, the relative ease of translation may be a significant factor in selecting the units of measurement or the language unit in the sensing element. In many instances, the measurement may be sampled rather than providing a complete and continuous feedback of information about the operation.

A sampling procedure suggests measuring some segment or portion of the operation that will represent the total. Regulations and laws provide a more formal collection of information for society.

Social norms change, but very slowly. In contrast, the standards outlined by a formal law can be changed from one day to the next through revision, discontinuation, or replacement by another.

Information about deviant behavior becomes the basis for controlling social activity. Output information is compared with the standard or norm and significant deviations are noted.

In an industrial example, frequency distribution a tabulation of the number of times a given characteristic occurs within the sample of products being checked may be used to show the average quality, the spread, and the comparison of output with a standard.

If there is a significant and uncorrectable difference between output and plan, the system is "out of control. Either the objectives must be reevaluated or the system redesigned to add new capacity or capability. For example, the traffic in drugs has been increasing in some cities at an alarming rate.The means used to motivate others and achieve one's goals plays a key role in distinguishing between: effective leaders and ethical leaders.

Ethically appropriate methods of leadership alone are insufficient for establishing ethical leadership. A countermeasure is a strp planned and taken in opposition to another act or potential act.

Physical Security Countermeasures. The following countermeasures address physical security concerns that could affect your site(s) and equipment. chapter 1. MARKETING: CONNECTING WITH CUSTOMERS. chapter OVERVIEW. Marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational objectives.

The information system enforces [Assignment: organization-defined nondiscretionary access control policies] over [Assignment: organization-defined set of users and resources] where the policy rule set for each policy specifies: Access control information (i.e., attributes) employed by the policy rule set (e.g., position, nationality, age.

MGMT STUDY. PLAY. What influences ethical behavior in an organization? practices and continous improvement. Installing information and operating systems. Trying rewards to Achievement of Key strategic Targets.

Means to describe the key aspects of corporate organization operating policies and control

Shaping corporate culture to fit strategy. company policies; operating approaches; and the ways of dealing with employees. The Crucial Difference Between Governance and Management Ron Mitchell, CPA, Lead Partner and Consultant – Public Sector and Healthcare Niche, AKT LLP.

Control (management) - Wikipedia