Iranian hostage crisis

Embassy in Tehran on Nov.

Iranian hostage crisis

For several decades prior to his deposition, the United States had allied with and supported the Shah. Because of its importance in the allied victory, Iran was subsequently called "The Bridge of Victory" by Winston Churchill. Mosadegh led an extremely difficult general strike by the desperately poor people of Iran to gain a In the British and U.

The Shah appointed himself an absolute monarch rather than as a constitutional monarch, his position before the crisis, with the aim of assuming complete control of the government and purging the disloyal. In the subsequent decades of the brutally callous Cold War period, various economic, cultural, and political issues, many of which could be characterized as, "too much of a good thing", united opposition against the Shah and led to his overthrow.

After the revolution culminated with the return of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini from France in Februarythe embassy had been occupied and staff held hostage briefly.

Its staff was reduced to just over 60 from a high of nearly 1, earlier in the decade. Its work was "routine, prudent espionage conducted at diplomatic missions everywhere".

The furnace malfunctioned and the staff was forced to use cheap paper shredders. Asgharzadeh later said there were five students at the first meeting, two of whom wanted to target the Soviet embassy because the USSR was "a Marxist and anti-God regime.


They also used experiences Iranian hostage crisis the recent revolution, during which the U. They enlisted the support of police in charge of guarding the embassy and of Islamic Revolutionary Guards. Khoeiniha feared the government would use police to expel the Islamist students as they had the last occupiers in February.

The provisional government had been appointed by Khomeini and so Khomeini was likely to go along with their request to restore order. On the other hand, Khoeiniha knew that if Khomeini first saw that the occupiers were his faithful supporters unlike the leftists in the first occupation and that large numbers of pious Muslims had gathered outside the embassy to show their support for the takeover, it would be "very hard, perhaps even impossible", for the Imam Khomeini to oppose the takeover, and this would paralyze the Bazargan administration Khoeiniha and the students wanted to eliminate.

They claimed that inthe American embassy acted as a "den of spies" from which the American coup was organized. Documents were later found in the embassy suggesting that some workers in the embassy were working with American intelligence agencies.

On November 4,one such demonstration, organized by Iranian student unions loyal to Khomeini, took place outside the walled compound housing the U. The occupation of the embassy then took a second purpose, which was leverage to demand the return of the Shah to Iran for trial in exchange for the hostages.

Takeover Edit Around 6: We just want to set-in". According to Foreign Minister Ebrahim Yazdiwhen he, Yazdi came to Qom to tell the Imam about the incident, Khomeini told the minister to "go and kick them out". But later that evening, back in Tehran, the minister heard on the radio that Imam Khomeini had issued a statement supporting the seizure and calling it "the second revolution", and the embassy an "American spy den in Tehran".

In the first couple of days, many of the embassy staff who had sneaked out of the compound or not been there at the time of the takeover were rounded up by Islamists and returned as hostages. A joint Canadian government— Central Intelligence Agency covert operation, known as the Canadian capermanaged to smuggle them out of Iran using Canadian passports and a cover story disguising them as a Canadian film crew on January 28, This action has many benefits.

This has united our people.

Iranian hostage crisis

Our opponents do not dare act against us. Revolutionary teams displayed secret documents purportedly taken from the embassy, sometimes painstakingly reconstructed after shredding[48] to buttress their claim that "the Great Satan" the U.

The documents were published in a series of books called Documents from the U. These books included telegrams, correspondence, and reports from the U. State Department and Central Intelligence Agency.

The 52 hostages are spending a few days in the hospital after their release from Iran prior to their departure for the United States. In particular, carefully selected diplomatic dispatches and reports discovered at the embassy and released by the hostage-takers led to the disempowerment and resignations of moderate figures [54] such as Premier Mehdi Bazargan.

The political danger in Iran of any move seen as accommodating America, along with the failed rescue attempt, delayed a negotiated release.

After the hostages were released, leftists and theocrats turned on each other, with the stronger theocratic group annihilating the left. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The sign reads "Deport all Iranians" and "Get the hell out of my country" on its forefront, and "Release all Americans now" on its back.The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States of American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for days from November 4, , to January 20, , after a group of Iranian college students belonging to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, who supported the Iranian Revolution, took over the U.S.

Embassy in Tehran. Iran hostage crisis, in U.S. history, events following the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran by Iranian students on Nov.

4, The overthrow of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlevi of Iran by an Islamic revolutionary government earlier in the year had led to a steady deterioration in Iran-U.S. relations. Operation Eagle Claw: Operation Eagle Claw, failed mission by the U.S.

Citation Information With the Iran Hostage Crisis stretching into its sixth month and all diplomatic appeals to the Iranian government ending in failure, President Jimmy Carter ordered the military mission as a last ditch attempt to save the hostages. During the operation, three of eight helicopters failed, crippling the crucial airborne plans.
Keep Exploring Britannica Email In the minds of many, terrorists struck their first blow against the United States on Sept. But others look back exactly a quarter-century ago, on Nov.
Revolution Kenneth Kraus On the morning of February 14, — the same day that the U. Embassy in Tehran and took a Marine named Kenneth Kraus hostage.
Library of Congress established See Article History Iran hostage crisis, international crisis —81 in which militants in Iran seized 66 American citizens at the U. Beginning in the fall ofthe U.
COLLECTIONS The mission highlighted deficiencies within the U. On November 4,as many as 3, militant students stormed the U.

military in April to rescue Americans who were held during the Iran hostage crisis. The mission highlighted deficiencies within the U.S. military command structure and led to the creation of the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM).

The Iran hostage crisis, referred to in Persian as تسخیر لانه جاسوسی امریکا (literally "Conquest of the American Spy Den,"), was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line: United States.

With the Iran Hostage Crisis stretching into its sixth month and all diplomatic appeals to the Iranian government ending in failure, President Jimmy Carter ordered the military mission as a last. The Iran Hostage Crisis, which lasted from to , was the first t ime the United States was forced to deal with Islamic extremists.

The United States supported the Shah, or.

Iranian hostage crisis
Iran: History - تاریخ ایران