An introduction to the weimar republic

This attempt at democracy, however, endured for only 14 years, ultimately failing due to tremendous political, social and economic strains. In gatherings of the National Assembly, held at the National Theater in the city of Weimar at the beginning ofdelegates formulated a modern democratic constitution, which provided the foundation for German society after hundreds of years under monarchic rule. This constitution is considered progressive to this day, although a significant discrepancy remained between the good intentions of most of the delegates and their implementation during the short life of the republic, a gap that ultimately led to the failure of the first democracy on German soil.

An introduction to the weimar republic

German Revolution of — The rebellion, November In Octoberthe constitution of the German Empire was reformed to give more powers to the elected parliament.

Holocaust and Human Behavior

On 29 October, rebellion broke out in Kiel among sailors. The revolution spread throughout Germany, and participants seized military and civil powers in individual cities. The power takeover was achieved everywhere without loss of life.

At the time, the Socialist movement which represented mostly laborers was split among two major left-wing parties: The rebellion caused great fear in the establishment and in the middle classes because of the Soviet -style aspirations of the councils.

To centrist and conservative citizens, the country looked to be on the verge of a communist revolution. The MSPD decided to make use of their support at the grassroots and put themselves at the front of the movement, demanding that Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicate. When he refused, Prince Max of Baden simply announced that he had done so and frantically attempted to establish a regency under another member of the House of Hohenzollern.

Gustav Noskea self-appointed military expert in the MSPD, was sent to Kiel to prevent any further unrest and took on the task of controlling the mutinous sailors and their supporters in the Kiel barracks.

Political disturbances at home

The sailors and soldiers, inexperienced in matters of revolutionary combat, welcomed him as an experienced politician and allowed him to negotiate a settlement, thus defusing the initial anger of the revolutionaries in uniform.

The proclamation was issued by Karl Liebknechtco-leader with Rosa Luxemburg of the communist Spartakusbund Spartacist Leaguea group of a few hundred supporters of the Russian revolution that had allied itself with the USPD in But the power question was unanswered.

An introduction to the weimar republic

Although the new government was confirmed by the Berlin worker and soldier council, it was opposed by the Spartacist League. It was made harder for estates to sack workers and prevent them from leaving when they wanted to; under the Provisional Act for Agricultural Labour of 23 November the normal period of notice for management, and for most resident labourers, was set at six weeks.

In addition, a supplementary directive of December specified that female and child workers were entitled to a fifteen-minute break if they worked between four and six hours, thirty minutes for workdays lasting six to eight hours, and one hour for longer days. A decree on 3 February removed the right of employers to acquire exemption for domestic servants and agricultural workers.


It effectively ended military operations between the Allies and Germany. It amounted to German capitulation, without any concessions by the Allies; the naval blockade would continue until complete peace terms were agreed.

The ensuing street fighting left several dead and injured on both sides. The USPD leaders were outraged by what they believed was treachery by the MSPD, which, in their view, had joined with the anti-communist military to suppress the revolution. The Council issued a large number of decrees that radically shifted German policies."Weimar Republic" is the name given to the German government between the end of the Imperial period () and the beginning of Nazi Germany ().

Weimar Republic - Wikipedia

Political turmoil and violence, economic hardship, and also new social freedoms and vibrant artistic movements characterized the complex Weimar period. In the first part of the book, Professor Kolb provides a clear historical narrative of the political, social, economic and cultural developments of the Weimar Republic, setting it within the international context of the inter-war period.5/5(2).

An introduction to the weimar republic

An introduction to the Weimar Republic Social life during the Golden Age of Weimar The story of the Weimar Republic is an intriguing one, not least because of its tragic ending. “A most informative and provocative study, The Weimar Republic is simultaneously a much needed English overview of this pivotal period of German history, an introduction to the most exciting new historical work on it, and /5(13).

The hyperinflation episode in the Weimar Republic in the early s was not the first or even the most severe instance of inflation in history (the Hungarian pengő and Zimbabwean dollar, for example, have been even more inflated).

Essay: Weimar Republic There were various factors that contributed to the failure of the Weimar Republic of Germany and the ascent of Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers Party .

An introduction to the Weimar Republic